Mozambique is something of a late comer to the modern safari industry. There was no safari hunting to speak of in Mozambique during the brutal civil war that began when the country received independence from Portugal in 1975 and finally ended in 1992. However, Mozambique has done a great job of rebuilding the once outstanding safari industry that existed before the war. Today, Mozambique has thriving, and still improving, wildlife populations available for hunting all over the country.
Mozambique is slightly smaller than Namibia and is located on the southeast coast of Africa. The country is bordered by Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and South Africa and Swaziland to the south and southwest. Comoros and Madagascar are located just off the east coast of Mozambique in the Indian Ocean. Due to the fact that Mozambique was a Portuguese colony for over 400 years, Portuguese is the official language and is spoken by the majority of the population. Swahili is another common language spoken there.
The southern and eastern portions of Mozambique are generally low-lying, swampy, and wet. The land closest to the coast, where there is more rainfall, contains forests and swamp land. As the distance from the coast increases, average rainfall correspondingly decreases and the terrain gives way to open savannah and grasslands. The Zambezi River generally divides the highlands in the north and west from the lowlands in the south and east. These highlands usually receive more rainfall than the savannah between the mountains and the coast and as a result, contain some very dense forests.
Mozambique has a subtropical climate with well defined wet and dry seasons. The wet season occurs between November and March and the dry season runs from April to October. In the capital city of Maputo, which is located at a very low elevation on the coast, temperatures are in the 55-75°F range during July and the 70-90°F range in February while temperatures are somewhat cooler in the highlands.
With a population estimated at over 50,000 buffalo, Mozambique’s buffalo numbers are particularly healthy. Indeed, only Tanzania has more. The country also offers great hunting for crocodile and hippopotamus in multiple locations, but especially in the Limpopo and Zambezi River valleys.